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After learning details of the appalling treatment of a victim of rape in their hometown, Abbie J. Leavens and Kira Laffe write open letters to the survivor, the community and to the Police Chief of “America’s Hometown,” Charles City, Iowa (Blog Post 2 of 2)

February 5, 2013, 11:08 am — Kira Laffe (Uncategorized)

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Trigger warning: Content regarding negligent treatment of a survivor of sexual assault.filler filler

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Dear Community Members, cheapest buy more about

The impact of Officer Todd Smith’s egregious behavior while responding to the July 14th, 2012, forcible rape complaint in Charles City, Iowa, is being felt nation-wide.

My pride for being a former resident of “America’s Hometown” is overshadowed by the heavy-heart I feel about the events that took place on July 14th, and in the months following. According to neighboring towns’ local newspapers – The Globe Gazette and The Waterloo Cedar Falls Courier – Officer Smith responded to a report of a forcible rape in which he: Expressed doubt that injuries on the accuser’s body were caused by a sexual assault; applied guilt to the accuser by linking her alcohol consumption to rape; accused her of lying about the rape because “these things tend to come up when a person has been cheating on their significant other and wants to avoid being caught”; failed to transport the accuser to a medical facility for a care and treatment; and, provided misinformation regarding basic principles involving the collection of forensic evidence in cases of sexual assault.

In my position as the Assistant Director of Intervention and Best Care of the New York City Alliance Against Sexual Assault, I direct New York State’s largest training institute to prepare medical professionals to become Sexual Assault Forensic Examiners (SAFE). SAFEs, or SANEs (Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners) as they are referred to in Iowa, are the individuals tasked with performing “rape kits”, (technically known as “Sexual Offense Evidence Collection Kits”) on patients reporting acute sexual assault. While I regularly lecture on the psychological impact of trauma on the mind and body, my roots in the anti-violence movement began with providing counseling to, and advocating on behalf of, survivors of sexual assault and intimate partner violence at a grassroots crisis intervention program in Cedar Rapids, Iowa. My expertise has afforded me the opportunity to travel the world, including a recent trip to the country of Jordan, a collaborative effort of the U.S. Department of State and the Jordanian government, in order to train law enforcement officers on best practices for working with survivors of sexual assault.

Officer Smith’s conduct during his interaction with the accuser is a perfect case example for my students: How not to handle disclosures of sexual violence.

According to a 2011 study released by The National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (formerly known as the Center for Disease Control), 1 in 5 women, and 1 in 71 men, in the United States have been raped in their lifetime. The study also reports that in 80% of the reported incidences of violence, the perpetrator was known to the victim. Given those statistics, along with the fact that young people ages 16-24 are at greatest risk for victimization, it would behoove us to acknowledge that sexual violence is a public health crisis in the United States.

Drawing from scientific research, psychological ideologies and anecdotal experience, I’ll share what we know to be true about sexual assault and survivors of sexual violence:

  • We know that forensic evidence can be collected from the body up to 96 hours post an assault. Victims of sexual assault are strongly encouraged to seek medical attention at a local hospital following an assault, even if they have already showered. At this visit, victims are given medication to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV Post Exposure Prophylaxis. This hospital visit is free of charge to the victim; each state has a Crime Victims Compensation Program that offsets the cost of performing health care and forensic exams for survivors.

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  • We know that, while there are a number of street drugs that can be used to facilitate rape, alcohol remains the most commonly used substance in drug-related sexual assault.

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  • We know that blaming the victim for an attack is practiced widely in our culture. This practice has a chilling effect on survivors. Victims of sexual violence are deeply ashamed, humiliated and fearful of scrutiny of their private life. Many are afraid to report the crime for fear of being “put on trial.”

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  • We know that historically marginalized and disenfranchised persons are at greater risk for victimization and exploitation by individuals in a position of power and authority, due to factors such as: sexuality and gender expression; immigration status; chemical dependencies; cultural and language barriers; intellectual and developmental disabilities; incarceration; lower socioeconomic status; and past history of victimization.

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  • We know there is no general “standard” for which survivors respond to their account(s) of victimization. Survivors experience a gamut of emotions – anger, confusion, disassociation, disbelief, etc. Some survivors even continue to go about their daily lives as if nothing happened.  These reactions can be coping mechanisms, and are often chemically induced when the brain attempts to process a traumatic event.

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  • We know that sexual assault is one of the most under-reported crimes. Over 60% are never reported. This can be attributed to the secrecy and shame that encompasses the crime, confusion over the occurrence, fear of retaliation, and a host of other feelings that arise when the perpetrator is someone we know.

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Chief Mike Wendell, let this be an opportunity for you and for your department to be a leader in law enforcement among your peers. Regardless of the outcome of this particular case with Officer Smith, now is the time to build and strengthen your relationships with community partners and experts in the field of anti-sexual violence. You have an incredible resource afforded to you in that the Iowa Coalition Against Sexual Assault, a statewide organization of 28 sexual assault crisis centers across Iowa, continues to gain national spotlight for their innovative services, advocacy and training programs. Building your department’s capacity to better understand and, in turn, respond to reports of sexual assault and rape leads to preservation of forensic evidence, strengthens the investigatory skills of your officers, improves criminal justice outcomes and prevents re-victimization of survivors navigating the criminal justice system. Furthermore, building partnership with a nearby rape crisis program means that you can also call upon advocates to help explain to victims the tedious, sometimes harsh, process of proving or disproving allegations of rape and sexual assault.

To the survivor behind this story: I believe you. This wasn’t your fault and I’m so very sorry this happened to you. You are not alone. Along with my colleagues at the New York City Alliance Against Sexual Assault, the advocate community and countless survivors of sexual violence, I stand in solidarity with you on the East Coast.

Let this be a lesson for all of us: Survivors of sexual violence are our neighbors, our friends, our loved ones. Survivors are you and me. This epidemic is happening in our communities and in our homes. Therefore, the consequences of violence and the prevention of violence must be a community-owned.

Sincerely,

Kira Laffe
Assistant Director, Intervention and Best Care
New York City Alliance Against Sexual Assault

Kira Laffe brings to the Alliance an expertise in combating sexual violence through her work with communities directly affected, and her passion to foster social change through a multi-issue perspective.  She has designed and conducted educational and training programs in detention centers, youth shelters, substance abuse treatment facilities, on college campuses, and among service professionals at the state, national and international level.

Governor Cuomo Signs Comprehensive Gun Reform Legislation, NY SAFE ACT

January 16, 2013, 3:24 am — admin (Uncategorized)

This statement is reprinted from it’s original publication, infection ampoule riginally issued in the Alliance Weekly Digest on January 3, order tooth 2013.  It is being re-printed, here,

The New York City Alliance Against Sexual Assault Board and staff decry the fatal assault and gang rape of a young physiotherapy student in Delhi, India, who died 12 days later of her injuries.  We join the international community in condemning this unspeakably savage and senseless act, and in speaking out about violence against women and children worldwide.

We stand in solidarity with the courageous women and men in India who are gathering in public protest, and join our voice to theirs in calling for an end to victim-blaming.  The Alliance strives to understand the social norms and environmental and institutional factors that enable rape, and to address policies and environmental factors that promote and permit sexual violence to occur.

We envision a world free from sexual violence and seek justice through primary prevention.

To read more on the international discussion:

(Please note that coverage of this story may be triggering for some readers.  Read with care and seek support when needed)

This statement is reprinted from it’s original publication in the Alliance Weekly Digest on January 3, neurologist 2013.

The New York City Alliance Against Sexual Assault Board and staff decry the fatal assault and gang rape of a young physiotherapy student in Delhi, internist India, this web who died 12 days later of her injuries.  We join the international community in condemning this unspeakably savage and senseless act, and in speaking out about violence against women and children worldwide.

We stand in solidarity with the courageous women and men in India who are gathering in public protest, and join our voice to theirs in calling for an end to victim-blaming.  The Alliance strives to understand the social norms and environmental and institutional factors that enable rape, and to address policies and environmental factors that promote and permit sexual violence to occur.

We envision a world free from sexual violence and seek justice through primary prevention.

To read more on the international discussion:

(Please note that coverage of this story may be triggering for some readers.  Read with care and seek support when needed)

This statement is reprinted from it’s original publication in the Alliance Weekly Digest on January 3, neurologist 2013.

The New York City Alliance Against Sexual Assault Board and staff decry the fatal assault and gang rape of a young physiotherapy student in Delhi, internist India, this web who died 12 days later of her injuries.  We join the international community in condemning this unspeakably savage and senseless act, and in speaking out about violence against women and children worldwide.

We stand in solidarity with the courageous women and men in India who are gathering in public protest, and join our voice to theirs in calling for an end to victim-blaming.  The Alliance strives to understand the social norms and environmental and institutional factors that enable rape, and to address policies and environmental factors that promote and permit sexual violence to occur.

We envision a world free from sexual violence and seek justice through primary prevention.

To read more on the international discussion:

(Please note that coverage of this story may be triggering for some readers.  Read with care and seek support when needed)

The New York City Alliance Against Sexual Assault praises Governor Andrew Cuomo and the New York State Legislature’s quick action to close loopholes on guns and ammunition in this state.  In addition to supporting increased control of the sales of guns, cialis 40mg
assault weapons and ammunition, diagnosis
the Alliance supported  the proposal to create a state-wide standard for review and determination of whether gun permit holders continue to be eligible for permits.  Many counties do not review issued permits despite conduct by a gun holder that might make him or her ineligible to legally possess a gun.

Sexual Assault is a crime of coercion.  The perpetrator can be a stranger, side effects
and acquaintance, or an intimate partner.  In every case, the presence of a gun increases the danger to the survivor.  In 10% of stranger rapes and 8% of rapes by ex-spouses, the offenders used a gun.  (Lawrence A. Greenfeld, Sex Offenses and Offenders: An Analysis of Data on Rape and Sexual Assault, Bureau of Justice Statistics, U.S. Department of Justice, February 1997, NCJ-163392) The Alliance joined others to back this legislation that will help to keep guns out of the hands of those who use them against victims of crimes and applauds Governor Cuomo for providing leadership on this issue.

Click here for more information on the NY SAFE ACT OF 2013.

Alliance Statement on the Rape and Murder of a Student in India

January 11, 2013, 3:32 pm — admin (Uncategorized)

The details of kidnapping and rape case in Steubenville, click medicine Ohio serve as a platform from which to discuss social norms and cultural attitudes that promote violence against women in our country. As facts emerge about what happened in Steubenville on August 11, search 2012, the need for information and understanding about sexual violence, the harms it causes to individual and communities and for measures that reduce its occurrence is urgent.

The New York City Alliance Against Sexual Assault (The Alliance) stands in solidarity with all survivors of sexual assault.  It is our hope that the firestorm of publicity surrounding this horrifying case will drive home the prevalence and insidious nature of sexual violence in America, and the critical need for community-based intervention and prevention services and programs.

In a joint CNN opinion piece, Katie Hanna, director of Ohio Alliance to End Sexual Violence, and Monika Johnson Hostler, president of the National Alliance to End Sexual Violence, underscored this point:

Fewer than half of Ohio’s 88 counties have rape crisis services available for individuals who have been sexually assaulted, and many existing programs lack the adequate resources to provide needed prevention and community outreach to address the myths about sexual violence and promote a culture that supports rape survivors. In Steubenville, there is no prevention funding to address sexual violence. As for survivors, how can they seek justice and healing if they have little support and resources available? (Click here to read piece in its entirety)

This case also highlights refusal of the U.S. House of Representatives to vote on the Violence Against Women Act which for the first time in its history will not be passed in a timely fashion by U.S. Congress.  This act provides critical services to victims of domestic violence and sexual assault as well as provisions addressing prevention such as engaging men and boys in ending sexual violence and encouraging bystander participation that rejects sexual violence.

For more information regarding sexual assault, please visit the following organizations websites:

New York City Alliance Against Sexual Assault

Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network

National Sexual Violence Resource Center

For additional coverage on this incident, please visit the following new sources and their respective articles:

Huffington Post: “Steubenville Rape Case: Ohio Sheriff Confronts Protesters”

Cleveland Plain Dealer: “Rape Charges Against High School Players Divide Football Town of Steubenville, OH”

Today News: “Ex-guardians Support Ohio Rape Suspect, ‘Whatever May Happen’”

New York Times: “Alleged Ohio Rapists May Not Get Fair Trial: Defendant’s Lawyer” and “Video Causes Web Furor Over OH Athletes’ Rape Case”

Policy Mic: “Steubenville Rape Case: Does America Have an Un-admitted Rape Culture Problem?

The Daily Beast: “Steubenville Rape Case Splits Town Between Big Red and Guy Fawkes”

New York Daily News: “Steubenville, Ohio, Schools Placed On Lockdown Amid Increased Interest in Controversial Rape Case
The details of kidnapping and rape case in Steubenville, steroids Ohio serve as a platform from which to discuss social norms and cultural attitudes that promote violence against women in our country. As facts emerge about what happened in Steubenville on August 11, 2012, the need for information and understanding about sexual violence, the harms it causes to individual and communities and for measures that reduce its occurrence is urgent.

The New York City Alliance Against Sexual Assault (The Alliance) stands in solidarity with all survivors of sexual assault.  It is our hope that the firestorm of publicity surrounding this horrifying case will drive home the prevalence and insidious nature of sexual violence in America, and the critical need for community-based intervention and prevention services and programs.

In a joint CNN opinion piece, Katie Hanna, director of Ohio Alliance to End Sexual Violence, and Monika Johnson Hostler, president of the National Alliance to End Sexual Violence, underscored this point:

Fewer than half of Ohio’s 88 counties have rape crisis services available for individuals who have been sexually assaulted, and many existing programs lack the adequate resources to provide needed prevention and community outreach to address the myths about sexual violence and promote a culture that supports rape survivors. In Steubenville, there is no prevention funding to address sexual violence. As for survivors, how can they seek justice and healing if they have little support and resources available? (Click here to read piece in its entirety)

This case also highlights refusal of the U.S. House of Representatives to vote on the Violence Against Women Act which for the first time in its history will not be passed in a timely fashion by U.S. Congress.  This act provides critical services to victims of domestic violence and sexual assault as well as provisions addressing prevention such as engaging men and boys in ending sexual violence and encouraging bystander participation that rejects sexual violence.

For more information regarding sexual assault, please visit the following organizations websites:

New York City Alliance Against Sexual Assault

Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network

National Sexual Violence Resource Center

For additional coverage on this incident, please visit the following new sources and their respective articles:

Huffington Post: “Steubenville Rape Case: Ohio Sheriff Confronts Protesters”

Cleveland Plain Dealer: “Rape Charges Against High School Players Divide Football Town of Steubenville, OH”

Today News: “Ex-guardians Support Ohio Rape Suspect, ‘Whatever May Happen’”

New York Times: “Alleged Ohio Rapists May Not Get Fair Trial: Defendant’s Lawyer” and “Video Causes Web Furor Over OH Athletes’ Rape Case”

Policy Mic: “Steubenville Rape Case: Does America Have an Un-admitted Rape Culture Problem?

The Daily Beast: “Steubenville Rape Case Splits Town Between Big Red and Guy Fawkes”

New York Daily News: “Steubenville, Ohio, Schools Placed On Lockdown Amid Increased Interest in Controversial Rape Case
The details of kidnapping and rape case in Steubenville, try Ohio serve as a platform from which to discuss social norms and cultural attitudes that promote violence against women in our country. As facts emerge about what happened in Steubenville on August 11, viagra 2012, the need for information and understanding about sexual violence, the harms it causes to individual and communities and for measures that reduce its occurrence is urgent.

The New York City Alliance Against Sexual Assault (The Alliance) stands in solidarity with all survivors of sexual assault.  It is our hope that the firestorm of publicity surrounding this horrifying case will drive home the prevalence and insidious nature of sexual violence in America, and the critical need for community-based intervention and prevention services and programs.

In a joint CNN opinion piece, Katie Hanna, director of Ohio Alliance to End Sexual Violence, and Monika Johnson Hostler, president of the National Alliance to End Sexual Violence, underscored this point:

Fewer than half of Ohio’s 88 counties have rape crisis services available for individuals who have been sexually assaulted, and many existing programs lack the adequate resources to provide needed prevention and community outreach to address the myths about sexual violence and promote a culture that supports rape survivors. In Steubenville, there is no prevention funding to address sexual violence. As for survivors, how can they seek justice and healing if they have little support and resources available? (Click here to read piece in its entirety)

This case also highlights refusal of the U.S. House of Representatives to vote on the Violence Against Women Act which for the first time in its history will not be passed in a timely fashion by U.S. Congress.  This act provides critical services to victims of domestic violence and sexual assault as well as provisions addressing prevention such as engaging men and boys in ending sexual violence and encouraging bystander participation that rejects sexual violence.

For more information regarding sexual assault, please visit the following organizations websites:

New York City Alliance Against Sexual Assault

Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network

National Sexual Violence Resource Center

For additional coverage on this incident, please visit the following new sources and their respective articles:

Huffington Post: “Steubenville Rape Case: Ohio Sheriff Confronts Protesters”

Cleveland Plain Dealer: “Rape Charges Against High School Players Divide Football Town of Steubenville, OH”

Today News: “Ex-guardians Support Ohio Rape Suspect, ‘Whatever May Happen’”

New York Times: “Alleged Ohio Rapists May Not Get Fair Trial: Defendant’s Lawyer” and “Video Causes Web Furor Over OH Athletes’ Rape Case”

Policy Mic: “Steubenville Rape Case: Does America Have an Un-admitted Rape Culture Problem?

The Daily Beast: “Steubenville Rape Case Splits Town Between Big Red and Guy Fawkes”

New York Daily News: “Steubenville, Ohio, Schools Placed On Lockdown Amid Increased Interest in Controversial Rape Case
June 26th

Press Conference

To learn more about the case, nurse read this article in the New York Times, or see Alliance Training and Outreach Coordinator Kira Laffe’s press conference remarks. Also, click here to read a statement by the victim’s father.

“We are a coalition of providers to victims of sex trafficking who feel compelled to speak in support of the complainant and her family in this case and to express our concern about the dismissal of charges against the defendants. In many respects, this case, in which a young girl from Crown Heights  reported victimization by a group of older men, one of whom has been convicted of felony-level sex trafficking and another faces charges of murder in unrelated cases, is typical of sex trafficking.

A victim of prior childhood sexual abuse, like an estimated 70 percent of prostituted girls and young women, the victim in this case reported that a group of adult men in her neighborhood sexually assaulted her and seasoned her into prostitution when she was in her early teens. Experts report that the average age of entry into prostitution is 13 years old and that prior sexual victimization renders many of these girls especially vulnerable to their exploiters’ tactics of power and control.  Traffickers are often trusted friends, family members, or neighbors.

There is voluminous evidence corroborating this key facet of the young woman’s claim of trafficking and rape. Police records and neighborhood witnesses support her and her family’s account that they made complaints to the local police about her victimization by a group of neighborhood men during the early stages of her trafficking but the police did nothing to protect her. While police response to sex trafficking is changing under the leadership of Commissioner Kelly, it has been longstanding police practice, in New York City and throughout the country, to ignore the perpetrators and to blame and arrest the victims. The mental health issues faced by this victim, for which her family assisted her in obtaining in-patient treatment, are also typical. Most victims of prolonged sex trafficking suffer from acute post traumatic stress disorder, as this victim does.

One of the most representative yet misunderstood features of this case is the victim’s psychological bonds with her abusers. Like most girls and young women under pimp control, she viewed her traffickers, variously, as tormentors, protectors, romantic partners, and surrogate father figures. Like most girls and young women under pimp control, and like many victims of domestic violence, a closely related form of gender abuse, the victim in this case expressed feelings of love for her tormentors, at times wished to protect them from punishment, blamed herself for her victimization,  and repeatedly returned to them. This psychological condition, sometimes called “Stockholm Syndrome” and designated “traumatic bonding” by mental health professionals, is widespread among victims of severe and prolonged sexual and physical violence. It is typically engendered by beatings, rape, captivity, and threats to the victim and the victim’s family members, punctuated by expressions of caring and love. The young woman in this case reported precisely this kind of treatment at the hands of her traffickers.

It is unfortunate that statements made by the victim that should be viewed as evidence of traumatic bonding have been wrongly interpreted by key legal players in this case as evidence of consent and have become the basis for the Brooklyn District Attorney’s Office’s decision to dismiss the charges against the defendants. We regret that expert witness testimony was not employed by the Brooklyn District Attorney to educate the jury and the general public about the meaning and significance of these statements. We are concerned that the dismissal of these charges, coupled with silence about the role of traumatic bonding in this case and others,  will have a chilling effect on other victims’  willingness to report sex trafficking and may foster the erroneous view that women and girls’ reports of sex trafficking are not to be trusted. We are outraged that some of the media coverage has denigrated the young woman in this case, who had the courage to come forward and report years of horrific abuse. We are deeply saddened that the victim and her family have been denied justice.

This case has nothing to do with the victim’s or her alleged perpetrators’ race, religion, or ethnicity. Sex traffickers come from every racial, ethnic, and religious background, as do their victims. In New York City, most sex trafficking victims are girls and young women from minority groups who grew up in conditions of poverty. Their poverty and minority status render them vulnerable and are exploited in the sexual stereotypes projected onto them by traffickers, who evoke them in marketing their victims to johns. This case is no different. One of ten children from a working-class family in a poor neighborhood, this victim’s ethnicity and distinctive racial features were similarly exploited by the pimps who sold her and the johns who purchased her body.

One atypical factor in this case is this victim’s strong family support. While her family members were unable to protect her from years of exploitation and abuse, they valiantly attempted to do so and today wholeheartedly stand behind their daughter and sister. Attached is a statement from the victim’s father, who is determined to prevent other girls and young women from experiencing the suffering that his daughter has endured.”
This statement is reprinted from it’s original publication in the Alliance Weekly Digest on January 3, medicine 2013.

The New York City Alliance Against Sexual Assault Board and staff decry the fatal assault and gang rape of a young physiotherapy student in Delhi, epilepsy India, remedy who died 12 days later of her injuries.  We join the international community in condemning this unspeakably savage and senseless act, and in speaking out about violence against women and children worldwide.

We stand in solidarity with the courageous women and men in India who are gathering in public protest, and join our voice to theirs in calling for an end to victim-blaming.  The Alliance strives to understand the social norms and environmental and institutional factors that enable rape, and to address policies and environmental factors that promote and permit sexual violence to occur.

We envision a world free from sexual violence and seek justice through primary prevention.

To read more on the international discussion:

(Please note that coverage of this story may be triggering for some readers.  Read with care and seek support when needed)

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Blog posts are the responsibility of their authors, and do not reflect the opinions of the New York City Alliance Against Sexual Assault.

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